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Essential Film Marketing - How to Generate Massive Interest and PR For Your Film on No Budget!

By Susie Tullett

In this film marketing guide What do you do if you have little or no budget to promote the film? Some case studies I'll be using: The Blair Witch Project; Desperado (Robert Rodriguez -Sin City/Spy Kids) which are worth mentioning, and I'll discuss how you can use casting as a PR opportunity. I hope some of these tips will help, both up and coming, established filmmakers, as well as those at film schools. Remember one golden rule, don't be afraid to be pushy and persistent on the self-promotion front!

Rule 1 - You can't PR if the story isn't worth telling

Before we begin I would like to reiterate the above rule because I can't stress it enough. You will never be able to PR something if it does say something worth saying.

PR- The Short Film

I am going to deal with a short film first, and I am going to assume that you have a day job, but film making is your passion. You have assembled a crew and have a script you are happy with, and actors to play the roles. Word of mouth is one of the most effective tools in this whole scenario, so if you are able to invite any of your local press to the set to watch some of the filming, do try. They will generally pop along if there is a local angle for them.

If it is appropriate, and you need 'extras' it might be an idea to approach the local Scout/Girl Guide troupe, or a local Youth Club. Or, if you require older people, don't be afraid to try and recruit your 'crowd' from a Darby and Joan Club/parents' friends, or even your local pub. Something this simple could provide a local angle for your friendly local journalist - and you could even give them a walk on role if it can be written in and make them part of the story.

Quick Tip: Use Casting of your talent as part of the story. Hire (or borrow) a small theatrical venue for a few hours. Invite the journalist along to see some of the talent auditioning. Get some friends around so that the audition queue seems longer than it is, and take some stills of the busy audition room - allow them to interview some of those auditioning who are likely to be on your short-list. Publicize (through an ad in the local paper/ facebook/ twitter/onefatcigar) the audition to get more people along. Immediately your low budget film has budding actors clamoring to be in it, and the journalist has another angle to their story.

Rule 2 - Get local news coverage

I've got news for you - writers and editors of national papers read the local press, and most of these papers have online versions, so this would be a very good place to start. You obviously don't have the money to pay your 'extras' but as long as you promise them endless supplies of hot tea/coffee and sustenance, they will be thrilled and willing to participate. After all, it's something to tell friends and family - again spreading word of mouth.

All films are different, so all PR campaigns will be different. It really is up to you, the producer, to find the angle. I really do believe that a set of stills that grab people's interest is the most important promotional tool. With no or low-budget filmmaking you cannot be expected to hire one of the top UK unit photographers. But you could approach a local University or college to see which students might aspire to shooting film stills. Chances are he or she would jump at the opportunity of coming to your set for the experience, rather than the money.

Quick tip: Facebook is also a great tool for this - I just ran a quick search for 'photographer' and 'photography' and came up with 62,000 results. I'm in London today so I pinged in London and filtered down to over 500 people, finding out that a number had mutual friends. You might ask to see a portfolio from them and perhaps get introduced through a friend.

Rule 3 - Always get a great stills photographer and invite to the most important day of the shoot!

It is vital to choose a key day in the schedule where the photographer can grab as many great shots as possible. You will know what they are, and they should be iconic and not just a picture of an isolated scene. If you are shooting a film about a bank robbery for example, something simple but effective might just be a close up shot of two eyes looking through a balaclava: something stark and eye-catching.

Taking stills is an art in itself. Tell the photographer what you want and how you want to use the images and then leave them to it. If they are good they will give you plenty of options.

Case Study 1

I was reminded while writing this of the brilliant poster for The Blair Witch Project which was so intriguing it had everyone talking about it for weeks before the film actually came out.

Producers of The Blair Witch project succeeded in creating huge pre-hype for their low budget horror flick which centered on students being murdered in a forest. Blurring the boundaries between fact and fiction was key to the early buzz that surrounded the movie. Allegedly the film makers had circulated tapes to colleges which were presented as 'real video diary footage'. Clips that were presented as 'documentary' rather than fiction were shown on the Independent Film Channel. This was one of first feature films to use online and viral PR to build hype. The buzz ensured that Blair Witch was a major success which took over $150 million at the box office.

If your film is in the horror-genre, then go for something a bit edgy and mysterious, rather than an in-your-face close up of a bloody figure. The images must tease and suggest rather than give the whole plot away.

A romance or love story could very simply be a shot of the lovers in an unusual angle. A shot that will make people stop and look, and try to work out what the story might be about.

Tactics and Techniques

Two things to consider: What generates word of mouth? What makes something viral? The answers: Great PR - is about building a backstory of interest; Great Trailers - about visually selling that story.

The Press Release

To start with, write the press release (we'll deal with how to right a great press release in my next article). As mentioned earlier, there is nothing wrong with sending out three releases to cover the one film. Here are my key steps:

1. Build a Database

Start building your database, with friends, family and friends of friends; posting the title and a 'Look out For' and updates posting on Facebook, Twitter, One Fat Cigar.com etc.

2. Get some great still photographs and footage early in the shoot

3. Try to cut a short teaser trailer

If you are able to cut a short teaser trailer early on in filming, post it on You Tube and MySpace and send the link to everyone you know. If it grabs them, whether it shocks them, or makes them laugh or cry, the chances are they will pass it on.....but don't rely on them, make sure they do.

4. Learn to write an engaging press release - aim for 3 press releases:

The first press release will announce the start date, include a short synopsis, and list the actors and their brief credits, the producer and the director. Here you can mention locations if appropriate. The title should be eye-grabbing and short.

The second press release could relate to what I was saying earlier, about hiring 'extras' or 'crowds' from a local organization. This could well make local news, and don't be afraid to call the local TV or radio station either and invite them down. You are now slowly starting to build awareness of your movie, and little by little you will find the word spreading.

Your last press release could be about the completion of filming on time and on budget, and should be sent out with an image. Important to note that some behind-the-scenes pictures - pictures that contain cameras and lighting rig - are the best ones to use here. You may well be limited to the number of actual film stills you have, and you don't want to start using them yet. Save them for when you are promoting the film in earnest. But just keep up the flow of information, in any innovative (and free) way you can.

Case Study 2 - Bend the rules

Desperado by Robert Rodriguez. Having made El Mariachi in 1992 and winning at Sundance with a budget of only $7,000 Rodriguez realized the importance of a good trailer. He had a relatively low budget of $6m, but did some great promotion behind the scenes. His key elements to sell the film:

1. Talented and 'hot' cast in Antonio Banderas and Salma Hayek - made sure there were scenes in the film where they 'looked good' - which he could use as publicity, especially on the back of El Mariachi

2. Attention grabbing Trailer http://www.imdb.com/video/screenplay/vi3315663129/ which although now dated made sure that if you loved action films you would want to see this.

3. Added interesting extras, such as his Robert Rodriguez 10 minute film school to help with the DVD sell - where studios make most of their money - built an immediate affinity with filmmakers

4. Robert Rodriguez told everyone he could find that he was operating outside the Hollywood system - Fantastic PR again, everyone likes a loose cannon, an underdog!

Your angle might be, the studios wouldn't fund it so you mortgaged your house, stole from friends, sold your pet dog on eBay, to make this film happen, because, naturally its a story that just had to be told.

Rule 4 - The most important point of the whole process - you should be thinking all the time about the marketing angle

There has to be an interesting angle somewhere, after all if your film isn't interesting why are you making it? Exploit that.

And if I had only $200 to spend on UNIT PR?

1. Hire the best stills photographer I could afford

2. Design a 'Sell' Poster - don't print the poster and give it out - just use it in emails to journalists (it costs too much to print and look good)

3. Set up a Twitter, Facebook Page and One Fat Cigar Account - invite your friends - and put the poster on the front

4. Get a Business Card, and put your name, telephone number and email on it. You're a Producer.

5. Write attention grabbing press releases and at the bottom direct then to your accounts

6. Get local journalists involved. Give them your business card, an access to the set.

7. Make a trailer that makes people want to know more and do it early as a teaser.

A few quick notes on how to use Twitter/Facebook and One Fat Cigar to PR your film:

Twitter - Tweet from set, what are you doing now? Did something interesting just happen? Tell people. Just done seen our first stills photos, why not come take a look. What do you think of our new trailer? See it here...

Facebook - A more meaningful engagement with the public. At the beginning you're going to know most of your fans, filter your twitter feed into your Facebook fan updates, and upload images and stills, invite people along to screenings or to be extras - you'll soon have more fans and word will spread so that when the film goes out there they can be part of it.

One Fat Cigar - Although very new this site is for everyone like you who loves film or are filmmakers/actors/writers. They're keen to follow your production from day one, and you can cast and crew through the site and build a fan base. Blog about your film here, do video updates from set, release the trailer, exclusive interviews with key team members, engage with fans who can comment and be involved in your production. I recommend signing up to the mailing list if you haven't already to find out more when it launches and reading the blog which has a lot more information about the site.

Three different mechanics- but all equally valuable to build word of mouth.

For a larger scale production/ feature film

Exactly the same rules apply for a short film and for a larger production, it just means that the range and scope of possibilities are different - you can approach more easily national journalists and it is possible to achieve more press with a feature film. PR is, of course only half the battle - the film also has to be good to be a real success.

Susie Tullett is a film marketing specialist and the former head of DDA's Film PR Unit in Cannes having worked with names including Jack Nicholson, Johnny Depp, Jessica Biel, Ed Norton, Robert De Nero and Al Pacino. She is currently a freelance PR specialist and contributor for the film marketing website OneFatCigar.com
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